Colonel Walter Stewart

Colonel Walter Stewart

By Rachael Pei

Colonel Walter Stewart of the 13th Pennsylvania Regiment

Walter Stewart was born in Ireland in 1756 and later settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

He entered the war on January 6, 1776, when he was appointed captain of Company F in the 3rd Pennsylvania battalion. In May of that year, he was promoted to major and became an aide-de-camp to General Horatio Gates. Under General Gates’s command, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel.

On June 17, 1777, Stewart was appointed commander of the Pennsylvania State Regiment (which was renamed to the 13th Pennsylvania Regiment that November). He fought valiantly in the Philadelphia campaign at Brandywine and Germantown, then stayed with his regiment at the Valley Forge Encampment from December 1777 until June 1778.

Stewart was known for his handsome appearance (he was nicknamed “the Irish Beauty”), as well as for paying careful attention to his soldiers’ needs. In Private Yankee Doodle, a narrative of the Revolutionary War, soldier Joseph Plumb Martin describes, “This Colonel Stewart was an excellent officer much beloved and respected by the troops of the Line he belonged to” (pg 219).

After leaving the Valley Forge encampment, he was wounded at the Battle of Monmouth on June 28, 1778. A few days afterward, the 13th Pennsylvania Regiment was merged with the 2nd (since enlistments of many soldiers in the 13th expired), and Stewart was given command of this new regiment.

Later, in 1781, he married Deborah McClenahan and fought under General Anthony Wayne in the Yorktown campaign. He retired from the army on January 1, 1783, but George Washington asked him to stay as Inspector General of Northern Department. After holding the position for several months, he retired with the brevet rank of brigadier general. He went on to become a major general in the Pennsylvania militia, as well as a successful merchant.

Stewart died in June 1796 during the yellow fever epidemic and was buried in St. Paul’s Episcopal Church (in Philadelphia).

Sources:

https://www.nps.gov/york/learn/historyculture/stewartbio.htm
https://pasocietyofthecincinnati.org/Names/WalterStewart.html
https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/stewart-walter
https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Walter_Stewart_(general)
http://www.243regiment.com/WalterStewartHistory.html
https://archive.org/details/privateyankeedoo00mart/page/186/mode/2up?q=stewart

Yale University Art Gallery, Public Domain
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References: John Van Dyk

References for Lt. John Van Dyk’s Article

I. John Van Dyk as part of Marquis de Lafayette’s Funeral Procession:

Hone, Philip. “June 25.” The Diary of Philip Hone, 1828-1851, by Hone, edited by

     Bayard Tuckerman, vol. 1, New York City, Dodd, Mead and Company, 1889, p.

     108. 2 vols.

“Particulars of the Funeral Honours to the Memory of General La Fayette, with

     the Eulogium Delivered by General James Tallmadge, June 26, 1834.”

     Documents of the Board of Aldermen, of the City of New-York, from No. 1

     to No. 61 inclusive – from May 19, 1834, to May 4, 1835., vol. 1, New York

     City, 1835, pp. 97-98.

II. John Van Dyk and his role in the Execution of Andre:

Abbatt, William. The Crisis of the Revolution: Being the Story of Arnold and

     André. New York City, Empire State Society, Sons of the American

     Revolution, 1899.

Peixotto, Ernest. A Revolutionary Pilgrimage Being an Account of a Series of

     Visits to Battlegrounds and Other Places Made Memorable by the War of the

     Revolution. Illustrated by Ernest Peixotto, New York City, Charles

     Scribner’s Sons, 1917.  

          – Ernest Peixotto mentions that Washington’s Headquarters in Morristown

            possesses a letter from John Van Dyk regarding the execution of Major Andre

            (page 140).

Van Dyk, John. “Major André, Letter of Col. Van Dyk to John Pintard, August 27,

     1821.” Historical Magazine, vol. VIL, no. 8, Aug. 1863, pp. 250-52.  

          – John Van Dyk’s recollection of the trial and execution of Major John

            André for his involvement in the Benedict Arnold treason conspiracy.

            Van Dyk was one of the four Continental officers to accompany André

            on the march from the area of his confinement (today’s 76 House) to

            the gallows on October 2, 1780.

III. John Van Dyk and his confinement as a prisoner on the British Prison Ship Jersey:

Van Dyk, John. “Narrative of Confinement in the Jersey Prison Ship.” Historical Magazine,

     vol. VII, no. 5, May 1863, pp. 147-51.  

         –  John Van Dyk’s personal account of his time as a prisoner of the

            British aboard the notorious prison ship Jersey in Wallabout Bay,

            Brooklyn, NY. Van Dyk’s illness that led to his capture was probably

            malaria or Yellow Fever based on the description of his symptoms of

            fever, body aches, jaundice and lethargy.

IV. Selected Articles:

Two of the above articles—one describing Major Andre’s Execution (pp. 250-252) and the other Van Dyk’s confinement on the British prison ship (pp. 147-151) –can be found here:

https://books.google.com/books?id=wmcKAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA252&lpg=PA252&dq=Van+Dyk+%22Historical+Magazine%22&source=bl&ots=SH0VfDgvlU&sig=ACfU3U1Lo8yvIhLZ5IXHJ9lH7T9455c0gA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ah

UKEwi59pz25K_1AhXnlYkEHUpCCpoQ6AF6BAgMEAM#v=onepage&q=Van%20Dyk%20%22Historical%20Magazine%22&f=false

SPENCER’S REGIMENT

SPENCER’S REGIMENT

Mifflin’s Division | 3rd Pennsylvania Brigade | Spencer’s Regiment

History

Organized spring 1777 at Monmouth, New Jersey. 7 Companies from New Jersey and 1 Company from Pennsylvania.

Entered Valley Forge with 233 assigned, 127 fit for duty.

Left Valley Forge with 154 assigned, 69 fit for duty.

Previous Engagements: Northern New Jersey, Defense of Philadelphia, Philadelphia-Monmouth

Field Officers

  • Colonel Oliver Spencer
  • Lt. Colonel Eleazer Lindsley
  • Major John Borrows

Company Commanders

  • Captain William Britton
  • Captain James Broderick
  • Captain Richard Edsall
  • Captain David Lyons
  • Captain John Maxwell
  • Captain Jonathan Pierson
  • Captain Jonas Ward
  • Captain Benjamin Weatherby
  • Captain John Wilkins

Regimental Staff

  • Quartermaster Nathaniel Ogden
  • Adjutant William Barber
  • Paymaster Robert Spencer
  • Surgeon Jabez Campfield
  • Surgeon’s Mate John Darcey
  • Quartermaster Sergeant James Brugess
  • Sergeant Major James De Camp
  • Sergeant Major Samuel Everdon

PROVISIONAL RIFLE CORPS (MORGAN’S)

PROVISIONAL RIFLE CORPS (MORGAN’S)

History

Organized in June 1777, to consist of several provisional rifle companies.

Detached to Gates’ Northern Army and participated in the battles of Saratoga.

Returned to Washington’s Main Army in November 1777.

Disbanded in November 1779.

Field Officers

  • Colonel Daniel Morgan

Company Commanders

  • Captain Hawkins Boon
  • Captain William Henderson
  • Captain James Knox
  • Captain James Parr
  • Captain Thomas Posey
  • Captain A.L. Smith
  • Captain Van Swearingen
  • Captain Benjamin Taliaferro
  • Captain Thomas Willis

Regimental Staff

  • Sergeant Major/Adjutant John Coleman
  • Quartermaster Henry Henly
  • Surgeon Charles McCarter
  • Paymaster Benjamin Ashby

PATTON’S REGIMENT

PATTON’S REGIMENT

Lafayette’s Division | Scott’s Brigade | Patton’s Regiment

History

Organized spring 1777 at Philadelphia, 7 Companies from Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware.

Previous Engagements: Northern New Jersey, Defense of Philadelphia, Philadelphia-Monmouth

Field Officers

  • Colonel John Patton
  • Lt. Colonel John Parke
  • Major Peter Scull

Company Commanders

  • Captain John Redman
  • Captain John Dennis
  • Captain Peter Grubb
  • Captain Lawrence Keener
  • Captain Allen Mclane
  • Captain Joseph Prowell
  • Captain Walter Bicker

Regimental Staff

  • Quartermaster John B. Webster
  • Paymaster Mathew Mcguire
  • Surgeon William Adams
  • Surgeon’s Mate John Morton

MALCOLM’S REGIMENT

MALCOLM’S REGIMENT

Mifflin’s Division | 3rd Pennsylvania Brigade | Malcolm’s Regiment

History

Organized June 1777 at Ramapo, New Jersey. 6 Companies from southern New York.

Entered Valley Forge with 231 assigned, 158 fit for duty.

Left Valley Forge with 175 assigned, 72 fit for duty.

Previous Engagements: New Jersey 1777, Defense of Philadelphia, Philadelphia-Monmouth

Field Officers

  • Colonel William Malcolm
  • Lt. Colonel Aaron Burr
  • Major Albert Pawling

Company Commanders

  • Captain John Steel
  • Captain John Sanford
  • Captain Nathaniel Toms
  • Captain Daniel Nevins
  • Captain Samuel Kearsley
  • Captain Matthew Irvines
  • Captain John Hunter
  • Captain James Black
  • Captain Thomas Lucas

Regimental Staff

  • Quartermaster Patrick Cronin
  • Adjutant Peter Taulman
  • Paymaster John Stagg
  • Paymaster Richard Oliver
  • Surgeon Daniel Wood
  • Quartermaster Sergeant Daniel Gildersleeve
  • Sergeant Major Edward Burrows
  • Drum Major Joseph Robinson
  • Fife Major Mathew Colford

HAZEN’S REGIMENT

HAZEN’S REGIMENT

Stirling’s Division | 1st Maryland Brigade | Hazen’s Regiment

History

Entered Valley Forge on December 19, 1777.

Departed Valley Forge for Wilmington, Delaware on December 21, 1777.

Ordered to Albany, New York in January 1777.

May have passed through Valley Forge on their way north.

Field Officers

  • Colonel Moses Hazen
  • Major James Reid
  • Major John Taylor
  • Major Joseph Torrey

Company Commanders

  • Captain Robert Burns
  • Captain R. Campbell
  • Captain John Carlisle
  • Captain James Duncan
  • Captain M. Gilbert
  • Captain William Griffiths
  • Captain Richard Lloyd
  • Captain Mathew McConnell
  • Captain William Monsoon
  • Captain S. Oliver
  • Captain Thomas Prys
  • Captain William Sattllies
  • Captain Ruban Taylor

Regimental Staff

  • Adjutant William Stewart
  • Sergeant Major John Hawkins
  • Quartermaster Samuel Robinson
  • Quartermaster Sergeant John Jones
  • Surgeon Nicholas Schuyler
  • Paymaster Edward Chimm
  • Drum Major Michael Kaitzbach
  • Fife Major James Dufare

HARTLEY’S REGIMENT

HARTLEY’S REGIMENT

Mifflin’s Division | 1st Pennsylvania (Wayne’s) Brigade | Hartley’s Regiment

History

Entered Valley Forge December 1777 as part of Wayne’s Division.

Left Valley Forge in January for York, Pennsylvania.

No further information available.

Field Officers

  • Colonel Thomas Hartley
  • Lt. Colonel Morgan Conneer
  • Major Joseph Prowell

Company Commanders

  • Captain George Bush
  • Captain Walter Cox
  • Captain Barnet Eichelberger
  • Captain James Forrester
  • Captain Benjamin Studdert
  • Captain James Kearney
  • Captain William Nicholl
  • Captain Paul Parker
  • Captain Horatio Ross
  • Captain Richard Wilson

Regimental Staff

  • Quartermaster John Mcallister
  • Adjutant Robert Ralston
  • Paymaster Ball Thomond
  • Surgeon Jacob Swope
  • Surgeon’s Mate Ezakiel Tracey

GRAYSON’S REGIMENT

GRAYSON’S REGIMENT

Lafayette’s Division | Scott’s Brigade | Grayson’s Regiment

History

Organized spring 1777 at Philadelphia, 9 Companies from Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware.

Entered Valley Forge with 280 assigned, 154 fit for duty.

Left Valley Forge with 203 assigned, 114 fit for duty.

Previous Engagements: Northern New Jersey, Defense of Philadelphia, Philadelphia-Monmouth

Field Officers

  • Colonel William Grayson
  • Lt. Colonel Levin Powell
  • Major John Thornton

Company Commanders

  • Captain Peter Grant
  • Captain Strother Jones
  • Captain John McGuire
  • Captain Nathaniel Mitchell
  • Captain Cleon Moore
  • Captain Hebard Smallwood
  • Captain Francis Willis
  • Captain Granville Smith
  • Captain Thomas Triplett

Regimental Staff

  • Quartermaster Augustine Seaton
  • Quartermaster Peter Barker
  • Adjutant Thomas Bell
  • Paymaster Robert Tilley
  • Surgeon Bazil Crampton (Died 1/78)
  • Surgeon George Alexander
  • Surgeon’s Mate Francis Pelsbury
  • Quartermaster Sergeant William Taylor
  • Sergeant Major John Nelson

GERMAN REGIMENT

GERMAN REGIMENT

Stirling’s Division | Muhlenberg’s Brigade | German Regiment

History

Organized July-September at Philadelphia, 5 Companies from eastern Pennsylvania, 2 from Baltimore County, Maryland, and 2 Companies from Frederick County, Maryland.

Entered Valley Forge with 340 assigned and 229 fit for duty.

Left Valley Forge with 397 assigned, 313 fit for duty.

Previous Engagements: Trenton-Princeton, Defense of Philadelphia, Philadelphia-Monmouth

Field Officers

  • Colonel Baron De Arendt
  • Lt. Colonel Ludowick Weltner
  • Major William Klein
  • Major Daniel Burchardt

Company Commanders

  • Captain Jacob Bunner
  • Captain William Heyser
  • Captain George Hubley
  • Captain Charles Batlell
  • Captain Benjamin Weiser
  • Captain John D. Woelppers
  • Captain Peter Boyer
  • Captain John Lorahgan
  • Captain Philip Graybill

Regimental Staff

  • Quartermaster Jacob Raybold
  • Adjutant Jacob Smith
  • Surgeon Ludwick Wurtenberger
  • Surgeon’s Mate Charles Ritter
  • Quartermaster Sergeant David Levy
  • Sergeant Major George Francis
  • Drum Major John Hurris